Faces of
Malaysia
Tioman

Largest island of Malaysias east coast. It’s located 32km off the coast and is some 20km long and 12km wide and the highest peak is Gunung Kajang with 1038m. In the 70ies TIME magazine selected Tioman as one the world’s most beautiful islands but lost some flair in recent years due to do development. The island has eight main villages, many beaches and is densely forested and is surrounded by numerous coral reefs, making it a scuba diving haven.

Brunei

Tiny state in Borneo, sandwiched between Sarawak and Sabah. After it was a big regional player a few hundred years back, Brunei became rich upon the discovery of Oil in the 1940s. For a period time the Sultan of Brunei was the richest person in the world.

Melaka, Malaysia

A Famosa

address: Jalan Parameswara, Bandar Hilir, 78000 Melaka, Malaysia
melaka-a-famosa2.jpg, The remains of a fortress that was built by the Portuguese in the 16th Century. Also known as Porta De Santiago.
canon in front of the remaining Gate
The remains of a fortress that was built by the Portuguese in the 16th Century. Also known as Porta De Santiago.

A Famosa street view
street view of Porta De Santiago (A Famosa) (Google Streetview, 2015)
 

The fortress was built in 1511 because Commander Albuquerque of the Portuguese fleet believed that Melaka would become an important port linking Portugal and the spice trade from China. At this time other Portuguese were establishing outposts in Macau (China) and Goa (India).

A Famosa Melaka
The last remaining gate of the A Famosa fort
(photo from Wikipedia: Chongkian)


Now there is only one gate left. The fort changed hands in 1641 when the Dutch beat the Portuguese. The dutch renovated the gate in 1670 which the logo “anno 1670” inscribed on the gate’s arch. The fortress changed hands again in the early 19th century when the Dutch handed it over to the British to prevent it from falling into the hands of Napoleon’s expansionist France. The English then distroyed the fortress in 1806, only because of the Intervention of Sir Stamford Raffles (the founder of Singapore) a small part could be saved.

built: 1511 by Portuguese Empire

controlled by: 
Portugal (1511 - 1641)
Netherlands (1641 - 1795)
Britain (1795 - 1807)

demolished: 1807 (except for the still remaining gate)

The government announced in 2007 that A Famosa will be rebuilt.
>> A Famosa rebuilt

Links:

Wikipedia: A Famosa




Related Places

Jalan Kota / Coronation Park

A street full of museums and the adjacent Coronation Park with a displayed first airplane of the Malaysian airforce

Dutch Square (Red Square)

The Dutch Square, also called Red Squared because all the surrounding building painted red, next to the Melaka river is a good starting point for visiting the old part of the town.

St. Paul’s Church

The ruin of St.Paul′s Church is located on top of St.Paul′s Hill and was one of five churches in the fortress complex A Famosa on the hill that was built by the Portuguese in 1521.

Hotels in Melaka

Apa Kaba Home&Stay

Homestay / Guesthouse in a village (kampung) area, 5min away from the heritage zone

Jalan-Jalan Emas

Guesthouse in charming Jalan Tukang Emas, also called Harmony Street, in Chinatown

Attractions

Melaka River Cruise, Melaka

The Melaka River Cruise is 45min boat ride on Sungai Melaka with audio commentary. The cruise offers new perspectives of the historical city centre, Chinatown, Kampong Morten and other places in Melaka.

Kampung Kling Mosque, Melaka

Masjik Kampung Keling is one of Melakas oldest mosques built in 1872. The architecture resembling a pagoda is influenced by Sumatran, Chinese, Hindu and local designs.

Attractions

Long Beach (Pasir Panjang), Perhentian Islands

Most popular beach on the small Island for backpackers with many chalets and restaurants, snorkel spots right at the beach

Batu Ferringhi, Penang

Along this famous beach area, there are numerous large hotels, budget guest houses, restaurants, transport rental services, and souvenir stores.