Faces of
Malaysia
Tioman

Largest island of Malaysias east coast. It’s located 32km off the coast and is some 20km long and 12km wide and the highest peak is Gunung Kajang with 1038m. In the 70ies TIME magazine selected Tioman as one the world’s most beautiful islands but lost some flair in recent years due to do development. The island has eight main villages, many beaches and is densely forested and is surrounded by numerous coral reefs, making it a scuba diving haven.

Melaka

Melaka (a.k.a. Malacca) is the capital of the Malaysian state of Malacca.
Traditionally, the spot where Melaka stands today was the center of Malaccan history. It was the capital of the Malaccan Sultanate and the center of the Malay world in the 15th and the 16th century before it fell to the Portuguese in 1511. Centuries of colonization by the Portuguese, Dutch and the British have shaped the architecture of the town.

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Melaka, Malaysia

A Famosa

address: Jalan Parameswara, Bandar Hilir, 78000 Melaka, Malaysia
melaka-a-famosa2.jpg, The remains of a fortress that was built by the Portuguese in the 16th Century. Also known as Porta De Santiago.
canon in front of the remaining Gate
The remains of a fortress that was built by the Portuguese in the 16th Century. Also known as Porta De Santiago.

A Famosa street view
street view of Porta De Santiago (A Famosa) (Google Streetview, 2015)
 

The fortress was built in 1511 because Commander Albuquerque of the Portuguese fleet believed that Melaka would become an important port linking Portugal and the spice trade from China. At this time other Portuguese were establishing outposts in Macau (China) and Goa (India).

A Famosa Melaka
The last remaining gate of the A Famosa fort
(photo from Wikipedia: Chongkian)


Now there is only one gate left. The fort changed hands in 1641 when the Dutch beat the Portuguese. The dutch renovated the gate in 1670 which the logo “anno 1670” inscribed on the gate’s arch. The fortress changed hands again in the early 19th century when the Dutch handed it over to the British to prevent it from falling into the hands of Napoleon’s expansionist France. The English then distroyed the fortress in 1806, only because of the Intervention of Sir Stamford Raffles (the founder of Singapore) a small part could be saved.

built: 1511 by Portuguese Empire

controlled by: 
Portugal (1511 - 1641)
Netherlands (1641 - 1795)
Britain (1795 - 1807)

demolished: 1807 (except for the still remaining gate)

The government announced in 2007 that A Famosa will be rebuilt.
>> A Famosa rebuilt

Links:

Wikipedia: A Famosa




Related Places
Jalan Kota / Coronation Park
Lang_Rajawali_The_Coronation_Park_Melaka.jpg
A street full of museums and the adjacent Coronation Park with a displayed first airplane of the Malaysian airforce ... more
Dutch Square (Red Square)
dutch-square-red-square-melaka-malacca2.jpg
The Dutch Square, also called Red Squared because all the surrounding building painted red, next to the Melaka river is a good starting point for visiting the old part of the town. ... more
St. Paul’s Church
The ruin of St.Paul′s Church is located on top of St.Paul′s Hill and was one of five churches in the fortress complex A Famosa on the hill that was built by the Portuguese in 1521. ... more
Hotels in in Melaka
HOSTELS
in Melaka
River View Guest House
Guest House located in the heritage zone of Melaka facing the Melaka River
Tidur Tidur Guesthouse and Hostel
Budget Guesthouse in the back of an design studio in the heritage zone of Melaka
Things to do & see
Church of St. Francis Xavier
Neo-Gothic Catholic church on Jalan Laksaman in the historical city center. The Church was built in 1856 by the Paris Foreign Missionary in honour of St. Francis Xavier, a prominent 16th-century Catholic missionary. ... more
Jonker Walk
A street in Chinatown with many antiques, textile and handicraft stores as well as galleries. On weekend nights the street is closed for traffic and turns into a lively night market ... more
Things to do & see
Eastern & Oriental Hotel, Penang
Penangs grandest and most famous colonial hotel built in 1884, established by the two Armenian Sarkie brothers Tigram and Martin who later founded Raffles Hotel in Singapore ... more

Craft Complex, Kuala Lumpur
graft centre in Bukit Bintang with various graft shops, museum, batik workshops, artist colony and more ... more