Faces of
Malaysia
Langkawi

Langkawi is an archipelago of 99 islands in the Andaman Sea, some 30 km off the mainland coast of northwestern Malaysia. The islands are a part of Malaysia’s Kedah state, but are adjacent to the Thai border. By far the largest of the islands is the eponymous Pulau Langkawi with a population of about 45,000. The island is a declared duty-free zone.

The peak season is from December to March when moonson at the eastcoast shuts down most of the Islands there (Perhentian etc.). This makes Langkawi a good island alternative during that time period. Generally though, Langkawi can be visited all year around.

Cameron Highlands

Cameron Highlands is a highland region located about 20 km east of Ipoh and about 150 km north of Kuala Lumpur in Pahang, Malaysia. At 5,000 ft (1,500 m) above sea level it is the highest area on the mainland, and enjoys a cool climate, with temperatures no higher than 25C and rarely falling below 12C year round. The area is popular for it’s tea plantations and jungle walks.

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Melaka, Malaysia

A Famosa

address: Jalan Parameswara, Bandar Hilir, 78000 Melaka, Malaysia
melaka-a-famosa2.jpg, The remains of a fortress that was built by the Portuguese in the 16th Century. Also known as Porta De Santiago.
canon in front of the remaining Gate
The remains of a fortress that was built by the Portuguese in the 16th Century. Also known as Porta De Santiago.

A Famosa street view
street view of Porta De Santiago (A Famosa) (Google Streetview, 2015)
 

The fortress was built in 1511 because Commander Albuquerque of the Portuguese fleet believed that Melaka would become an important port linking Portugal and the spice trade from China. At this time other Portuguese were establishing outposts in Macau (China) and Goa (India).

A Famosa Melaka
The last remaining gate of the A Famosa fort
(photo from Wikipedia: Chongkian)


Now there is only one gate left. The fort changed hands in 1641 when the Dutch beat the Portuguese. The dutch renovated the gate in 1670 which the logo “anno 1670” inscribed on the gate’s arch. The fortress changed hands again in the early 19th century when the Dutch handed it over to the British to prevent it from falling into the hands of Napoleon’s expansionist France. The English then distroyed the fortress in 1806, only because of the Intervention of Sir Stamford Raffles (the founder of Singapore) a small part could be saved.

built: 1511 by Portuguese Empire

controlled by: 
Portugal (1511 - 1641)
Netherlands (1641 - 1795)
Britain (1795 - 1807)

demolished: 1807 (except for the still remaining gate)

The government announced in 2007 that A Famosa will be rebuilt.
>> A Famosa rebuilt

Links:

Wikipedia: A Famosa


map and location of A Famosa



Related Places
Jalan Kota / Coronation Park
Lang_Rajawali_The_Coronation_Park_Melaka.jpg
A street full of museums and the adjacent Coronation Park with a displayed first airplane of the Malaysian airforce ... more
Dutch Square (Red Square)
dutch-square-red-square-melaka-malacca2.jpg
The Dutch Square, also called Red Squared because all the surrounding building painted red, next to the Melaka river is a good starting point for visiting the old part of the town. ... more
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HOSTELS
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Guesthouse located in the heart of Chinatown

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Hotel in a colonial architectural style building villa built in 1937 located a few minutes north of the city center
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