Faces of
Malaysia
Kuala Lumpur

Kuala Lumpur is the capital and the largest city of Malaysia. Being a young city (founded only in 1857) it developed fast into a bustling metropolis of 1.5 million people (6 million including the satellite cities in the Klang Valley). Kuala Lumpur, or simply KL (as it is it called by Malaysians), literally means “muddy estuary” in Bahasa Malaysia. With good and cheap accommodation, great shopping and even better food in this multi-cultural melting pot, increasing numbers of travellers are discovering this little gem of a city.
Having been in the shadow of other big cities in the region like Bangkok and Singapore, KL was put back on the map for good with the opening the Petronas Twin Towers in 1997, until 2004 the highest and still one of the most impressive buildings in the world. Though, the sights are not what makes this city unique, it’s KL itself and it’s mixture of people and visitors.

Kota Kinabalu

Kota Kinabalu is the capital of the state of Sabah on Borneo. With an estimated population of 532,129 in the city and 700,000 in the urban area, it is the largest urban centre in Sabah and the sixth largest in Malaysia. It is located close to Mount Kinabalu, the highest mountain in South-East Asia.

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Melaka, Malaysia

A Famosa

address: Jalan Parameswara, Bandar Hilir, 78000 Melaka, Malaysia
melaka-a-famosa2.jpg, The remains of a fortress that was built by the Portuguese in the 16th Century. Also known as Porta De Santiago.
canon in front of the remaining Gate
The remains of a fortress that was built by the Portuguese in the 16th Century. Also known as Porta De Santiago.

A Famosa street view
street view of Porta De Santiago (A Famosa) (Google Streetview, 2015)
 

The fortress was built in 1511 because Commander Albuquerque of the Portuguese fleet believed that Melaka would become an important port linking Portugal and the spice trade from China. At this time other Portuguese were establishing outposts in Macau (China) and Goa (India).

A Famosa Melaka
The last remaining gate of the A Famosa fort
(photo from Wikipedia: Chongkian)


Now there is only one gate left. The fort changed hands in 1641 when the Dutch beat the Portuguese. The dutch renovated the gate in 1670 which the logo “anno 1670” inscribed on the gate’s arch. The fortress changed hands again in the early 19th century when the Dutch handed it over to the British to prevent it from falling into the hands of Napoleon’s expansionist France. The English then distroyed the fortress in 1806, only because of the Intervention of Sir Stamford Raffles (the founder of Singapore) a small part could be saved.

built: 1511 by Portuguese Empire

controlled by: 
Portugal (1511 - 1641)
Netherlands (1641 - 1795)
Britain (1795 - 1807)

demolished: 1807 (except for the still remaining gate)

The government announced in 2007 that A Famosa will be rebuilt.
>> A Famosa rebuilt

Links:

Wikipedia: A Famosa


map and location of A Famosa



Related Places
Jalan Kota / Coronation Park
Lang_Rajawali_The_Coronation_Park_Melaka.jpg
A street full of museums and the adjacent Coronation Park with a displayed first airplane of the Malaysian airforce ... more
Dutch Square (Red Square)
dutch-square-red-square-melaka-malacca2.jpg
The Dutch Square, also called Red Squared because all the surrounding building painted red, next to the Melaka river is a good starting point for visiting the old part of the town. ... more
St. Paul’s Church
The ruin of St.Paul′s Church is located on top of St.Paul′s Hill and was one of five churches in the fortress complex A Famosa on the hill that was built by the Portuguese in 1521. ... more
Hotels in in Melaka
HOSTELS
in Melaka
Majestic Hotel Melaka
Boutique heritage hotel close to Melaka River and Kampung Morten, north of the town center
Old Town Guesthouse
family-run guesthouse located near near historical Bukit Cina
Things to do & see
Melaka River Cruise
The Melaka River Cruise is 45min boat ride on Sungai Melaka with audio commentary. The cruise offers new perspectives of the historical city centre, Chinatown, Kampong Morten and other places in Melaka. ... more
Kampung Kling Mosque
Masjik Kampung Keling is one of Melakas oldest mosques built in 1872. The architecture resembling a pagoda is influenced by Sumatran, Chinese, Hindu and local designs. ... more
Things to do & see
Clan Jetties, Penang
Traditional Chinese settlements built on stilts at shore of Weld Quay ... more

St. Paul’s Church, Melaka
The ruin of St.Paul′s Church is located on top of St.Paul′s Hill and was one of five churches in the fortress complex A Famosa on the hill that was built by the Portuguese in 1521. ... more